Bologna is a city of three nicknames. La Grassa – the Fat One – for its position in the heart of the northern foodie region Emilia Romagna. La Rossa – the Red One – after its skyline of red rooftops and towers. And La Dotta – the Learned One – because it’s home to the oldest university in the world.
To get the best view of that red skyline, head for one of the 12th-century Two Towers. Bologna has a great collection of churches, too. The San Petronio Basilica lays out 22 chapels filled with saint’s relics and frescoes. For a baroque spin, try the Sanctuary of the Madonna of San Luca.